City of Crafts and
Nok Kin Nham Ruam Ton
Bird or Swan is the symbol of garland in both real life and imagination that refers to Himavanta. In the other hand, it is the symbol of abundance and harmony compared as people who although from different origin but live together for creating crafts and folk art with cooperation and permanence.
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It shows that Chiang Mai used to be hub of commerce that many people came here for trading. Besides, it also is the center of government since established. From King Mang Rai period, there was “Mang Rai Sat”, the law that made fairness among traders. Chiang Mai had a good relationship with surrounded cities since the past such as Yunnan, Laos and Burma, by using tactics of commerce and government. Despite it is 720 years old, Chiang Mai do not only continuously maintain the identity but also expense its unique culture to other area. So, this may bring a lot of people make their decision to settle down here.
Who are the Members ? There are currently 116 member cities around the world in seven creative industry fields.
เครื่องจักสานเป็นงานศิลปหัตถกรรรมอย่างหนึ่ง ที่มนุษย์สร้างสรรค์ขึ้นเพื่อใช้เป็นเครื่องมือ เครื่อง ใช้ในชีวิตประจําวัน
ลักษณะเป็นภาชนะรูปทรงต่างๆ ที่ขึ้นเกิด จากการขดหรือสานไม้ไผ่ให้ได้รูปทรงตามต้องการ
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Chiang Mai Design Week 2016
Chiang Mai Design Week 2016
The project of preparedness propelling Chiang Mai being city of crafts and folk art initiative by UNESCO cooperated with Thailand Creative and Design Center of Chiang Mai (TCDC), providing a seminar session about the development for being creative city which participated by the specialist from Taipei and Jaipur; to share opinion and experience in conservation and city development based on local identity.
Ms. Alice RuHwa Chiu, the secretary-general of state for history resources management of Taiwan.
Dr. Shikhajain, a member of UNESCO World heritage committee.
Dr. Min-Chin Kay Chiang, the assistant professor of the Graduate Institute of Architecture and Cultural Heritage, and the administrator of teaching and learning center of Art National University of Taipei, Taiwan.
Mr. Cho, Tzu-Lo, a new generation artist success in indigo dyed Batik mixture technique and son of Ms. Cheng, Mei-Shu.
The seminar session of design for urban developing lectured by
Brian McGrath, dean of School of Constructed Environment from Parson the New School of Design Institution, New York, USA.
James Grose, the Australian architect and the administrator of BVN Architecture Company in Sydney
Emily Wang, the administrator of Taiwan Cultural & Creative Development Foundation
David Handley, the - 17 years’ experience expert of the international exhibition producer
Designing gradually influences toward living style in these days, therefore, most detail of this fair is the explanation of view shifting, ways of living or new factors of creative inspiration; and creative industrial development in Chiang Mai and other cities. As an instrument, displaying the innovations, designs, or creating any activities which reflect designing process thinking with craft skill and local aptitude combination shows the way of living, consumption, and modern business.
A program includes many kinds of activity, according to target and detail of each year such as design exhibition, the activity of design experiencing, and inspiration promotion for new generational youth, business creator and those who interested in design.
On 6th December, 2016 1.30 PM-5 PM
Seminar Session in topic of “Urban Development toward UNESCO Creative City & Crafts and Community” at Chiang Mai Vocational College
On 9th December, 2016 2 PM - 5 PM
Seminar session in topic of “Design and City “Urban Development and City Revitalization” at Chiang Mai Vocational College
for more information: http://www.chiangmaidesignweek.com/index.html#/program
Jok Nha Morn (Pillow)
n the past, women in Mae Jaem commonly practiced weaving since they were young, for preparing to weave a fabric for themselves and family when they become a grown-up. Nowadays, people in Mae Jaem ordinary weave and use the fabrics which produced in the local area such as mattress, pillow, blanket, Phasin; Sin Hom Aum, Sin Ta Long, Sin Aem, Sin Ta Torp, Sin Lua, Sin Yang, and Sin Teen Jok also. In additions, there are many types of fabric decorated by Jok technique such as handkerchief, scarf, bed sheet, and the front side of Jok pillow.
“Jok” is the art of fabric designing with an open-minded concept. The weaver can freely create their own design and illustrate their creativity as much as fabric painting, this leads a borderless development.
Phasin Teen Jok in Mae Jaem is outstanding in terms of design creativity. Although the weaver can design as free as they like, but also remain the original pattern which can be grouped into 4 categories:
1. Ideology Pattern
This pattern reflects the religion beliefs as the sign and symbol, most of these symbols are the lantern, bowl, ewer, Naga, and Hong Sa pao which composed to be Sin Teen Jok. Besides, there are patterns of a tray with pedestal and swan in the scarf or Naga pattern in the pillow case.
2. Human and Animal Pattern
The patterns of house, elephant, donkey, dog’s tooth, Tee-Tang snake, fish teeth, human body and face are mostly shown on a bed sheet and scarf. On the pillowcase, it shows crab and frog pattern.
3. Flora Pattern
The patterns of Chan flower and Gud Phak Waen were mostly illustrated in pillow front-sided.
4. Surrounded Items Pattern
Most of this patterns are Gud Ta Sang, Gud Phor Heaun Mao, Gud Gra Jae, Gud Khor Bet, and Gud Sam Sao; founded in Front-side of a pillow.
From the mentioned pattern, the simple pattern fish teeth, Chan flower, and other animals are usually used for decorating pillow, blanket, handkerchief, and bed sheet. Meanwhile, the ideology pattern will be used in Phasin. General girls in Mae Jaem have to practice front-sided pillow weaving as a beginning and then advance their skill with the next complicated pattern.
Most catching on pattern for front-sided pillow are fish teeth, rhombus, Chan flower, horse, elephant, frog, and crab. The material used would be 2 strings-cotton or knitting wool. The price of the smallest pillow is 50 baht, the middle size is 100 baht, and the biggest one is 150 baht.
Those people who interested in buying Jok can contact the shop in Mae Jaem. Besides, those who need to observe a production should visit Yang Luang village, Moo 6, Tumbon Tha Pha. The grandmas in this village are commonly weave their Phasin on their space under the house which makes other people easily interview and get information from them.
Crafts & Buddhism and traditional worship
“Phang Pra Theep” is the tribute in Buddhism. The word “Phang” refers to a small cup pottery which contains wax or oil while a candlewick made of cotton. “Pra theep” is used to call a light.
In the north of Thailand, Phang Pra Theep is the most meaningful ware especially in the Loy Kra thong festival (or Duan Yie Peng tradition, the night that the last quarter of waxing moon occurring in traditional 2nd mount). There are activities which show the belief of Phang Pra theep. First, in the evening, monks preach the thought of Phang Pra Theep with the section called “Ar Ni Song Pha Pra Theep” which about the result of Pra Theep lightning. Then, the Phang Pra Theep Kome will be lightened particularly at the front of Lord Buddha sculpture as much as the number of Gatha in each preaching section. For example, if the preaching section is Tan Gan which has 209 Gatha and 101 for Gan Gu Marn. On 15th day of the waxing moon, people will create the banana tree boat containing Pra Theep and let it go along to the river for worshipping the Threefold refuge in Buddhism as they believe that beauty and intelligence will be the reward; and for being an offering to Buddha.
Moreover, the background of Phang Pra theep also told as the myth. The story begins with a crow which with her 5 eggs. Surprisingly, a great storm buffets her nest and makes them be separated. A crow mom cannot find her eggs so the sadness takes her life away and then her spirit reborn into Pha Ga Phrom in The heaven. In the other hand, the 5 eggs were adapted by a hen, a Nakee, a turtle, a cow, and a woman; and hatch into 5 boys. They know that they are sibling when accidentally meet each other in many years later. So, all of them need to make a merit to their real mother but the merit does not reach to her because they do not know who that real one is. The king of Pha Ga Phrom knows that and comes to see them for advising a solution. He tells them to make a cotton rope, put it in into oil and then lighten as a Pra Theep creating. After that, the merit reach to a crow, and with a long meritorious act performing then 5 men become lord buddhas which are Pra Ga Gu San Tha, Pra Go Naa ka Ma Na, Pra Gas Sa Pa, Pra Ko Ta Ma, and Pra Sri A Ri Ya Met Tri.
For Those who interested can join in festival “Tam Phang Pa Tyd Tam Gome Bhuja Phra Jao Norm Tha Wai Phra Jao Yoo Hua Nai Phra Borommagode” provided by Urban community love Chiang Mai Network in 12-15 November, 2016 at 3 kings monument Chiang Mai, and festival “Tam Phang Pa Tyd Song Fah Hug Sa Muang, Year 5” 56,000 Pra Theep lightning at 7 PM in November, 12th 2016 at the inside-moat area for making merit to the king Rama IX.
There are many ways to create a design on fabric. In Thailand, tie-dyeing has been applied for a long time because it is not complicated to learn. As Shibori, one of the well-known Japanese dyeing, this consists with tie-binding, folding, and pole-binding. The plain stitch and bound stitch are often used for color isolating. The distance during the stitch is 0.5 centimeter; a needle used should be bigger than ordinary one which makes easier fabric gathering and obvious design demonstrating. The thread used for Shibori must be strong and non-organic for protecting color absorption and failing the design creation. Furthermore, Shibori Dyeing also includes other subordinated processes which are...
Shishige Nui Sewing, sewing on one layer fabric and gathering it tightly.
Ori-Nui Shibori Fold-Sewing, fold a rim of fabric reach to the mark and then make a sew it together.
MaKi-age Shibori Sewing and Tie-Binding, sew following the draw line and gathering it tightly, and then tie the rest of the thread
Bomaki Murakumo Pole-Binding, sew the rim of a fabric reaching another side and then insert PVC pole, gathering that fabric and tie it with plastic rope.
Most of every dyeing in the world has common process which is applicable and adaptive. However, the most important thing is procedure and knowledge conservation, people in the next generation can learn the skill and apply for work. Moreover, the following result from knowledge gaining is creativity which leads development and improvement toward the old thing such as format, design, process etc. The old thing is good, but creativity will make a better value.
Kram-horm Yorm-nin Ngarm-jin Silp-Bhuja (Ceremony of respect to the spirit)
ครามห้อม ย้อมนิล งามจินต์ ศิลป์บูชา
Wai Kru Ceremony is an annual activity of faculty of fine arts, for showing their respect toward teacher, in Lanna tradition. The parade in each year is different and Nang Keaw searching rite also arranged on that day. Nang Keaw in ancient lanna scripture refers to Lady It thee rattana who is completely refined; she is the lady of the emperor with the best quality for being a perfect wife. A female freshman who is chosen as Nang Keaw will be responsible for Khan Bai Sri inviting onto a magnific litter. Moreover, she has to fetch water at Angkeaw reservoir which implies to the holy water from the top of the sacred mountain Doi Suthep. This water fetching rite is called “Sukhonthara Sinthuthara SuthepTaht”.
In 2016, there is the indigo-dyeing participation in Wai kru ceremony of Tai Lue ethnic of Chai Singha town in Xishangbanna. As a background story, the former Chai Singha ( Rattana Ayucha NakhonBuri Sriwiangnamkeaw) town or Muang Singha was the capital city of Chiang Khaeng kingdom which govern Muang Morm, Chiang Khaeng, Ban Sai, Ban Bor, Muang Nang, Muang Glang, Muang Long, Chiang Gok, Muang Yuu, Maung Rai, Muang Waa, Muang Kharng, Muang Khan, Muang Laem, Muang Oon, Muang Nam, etc. Most population was Tai Lue and Tai Nuea. Muang Singha was rarely known, it was a marginal traditional state with sovereignty using and relying to the bigger states which were Burma, Siam, and China; depending on political condition. Sometimes, this town might be called “Muang Sam Fai Fah Jao Ar-nanikhom. Afterwards, England took over the entirety of Burma and France invaded Indo China area. After Chiang Khang kingdom was separated, England took the right area of Khong River while France took the left so Muang Singha became a part of Laos since that day. On the later time, Chao fah Ong Kham, the last king of Muang Singha, failed the rebel against the western invader; then escaped to live the rest of his life in Chiang Rung. (From Wasin Oonjanam)
Parade creation; tributes, costumes, accessories, and decorated stuff are supported by staffs, former and present students.
Pin Kaew Jan (Kaew Jan Hairpin)
Pin Keaw Jan Ban Phor Gonkeaw Intagon produced in Moo5, Tambon Tha Pha, Amphoe Mae Jaem, Ching Mai. This ancient hairpin has been made for long time; it is the folk wisdom for Lanna dressing since over 700 years ago. Pin or hairpin normally used in noble Lanna lady. The top part somtimes made of Ploy Sri Kaew, Brass, silver, or gold, depending on social status or living condition. “Pin Kaew Jan” is the living legendary folk wisdom of Mae Jaem, forming in descending order of cluster with hand-made production is its identity. Although Mr.Gonkaew is dead, his house is always available for visitor because Khun BuaJan ang Khun Bupha (his daughters) are regularly making the hairpin. Moreover, his wife, Mae Suk, usually shows spinning of cotton thread to visitor. Also, there are goods from karen and Lua such as Pha Sin, bag, hat, and scarf, etc., prepared for those who loves shopping too.
Furthermore, Maejaem has many interesting arts and local craft to explore. People can reach Amphoe MaeJaem by taking private car and public transportation. For public transportation, take a bus route Ching Mai-Hod and Chiang Mai-Doi Tao, or take little truck route Chiang Mai-Chom Thong (yellow/blue truck) and get off at PhraTatSiChomThong and transfer to another car to MaeJaem which it cost 70 baht per person. It takes 1 hour and a half on the Doi Inthanon-MaeJaem road.
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